Australian study reveals positive, lasting effects.
ROME (Zenit.org) – Seven out of 10 young people who attended World Youth Day in Sydney last year rated it as one of the best experiences in their life, according to a survey carried out to measure the impact of the event.
The “Pilgrims’ Progress 2008 research project” is led by Father Michael Mason and Professor Ruth Webber from Australian Catholic University, and Dr Andrew Singleton from Monash University.
On May 4 they released their preliminary findings. The study was based on interviews, personal observation of the participants, and two large-scale Internet surveys of pilgrims: one before and the other after World Youth Day.
The findings of the preliminary report concentrate on Australian pilgrims only. For 93 per cent of them it was their first experience of going to a World Youth Day.
Almost half of the local participants were in the 14-18 age bracket. World Youth Day attracted more young women than men and that is reflected in the study, in that 68% of respondents were female. Some of the highlights of the findings were:
l More than 40 per cent said that their faith in God had been strengthened.
l A third or more stated that they were now not embarrassed to let others see that they believed; that they wanted to live as disciples of Jesus; that they wanted to learn more about their faith.
l Asked what they found most fun, pilgrims chose being part of the huge, happy crowd walking together through the streets, and making new friends.
l Over half of the respondents said that they were determined to change their behaviour towards others – to be more considerate, more “Christ-like.”
l Significant proportions reported changed attitudes and behaviour on a range of social-ethical issues.
Superficial or spiritual?
Critics of World Youth Days, both within and outside the Church, have frequently questioned the spiritual value of the events.
So one of the aims of the survey was to determine if it’s just an enjoyable spectacle or whether it does make a significant spiritual impact.
Contrary to the somewhat feverish speculation in some of the local secular media prior to last July the pre-event survey showed that pilgrims did not see World Youth Day as an opportunity for romantic encounters.
The option of “Perhaps meeting someone I really like,” was the lowest priority for all of the age groups.
Instead their highest priorities were listed as: seeing the Pope; wanting to experience the presence of God; and to feel “part of a large crowd united by shared beliefs”.
Generally, the older pilgrims were somewhat more interested in the devotional and religious aspects: the Masses, catecheses, and prayer services.
The youngest group were more attracted to the youthful aspects of the event: making new friends, feeling the “buzz,” and sharing their faith with other young people.
Nevertheless, even among the teens, the options of “experiencing the presence of God,” and “seeing the Pope,” also ranked highly. Only a minority of the youthful Australian pilgrims went hoping simply to have a good time.
The answers also depended on the existing level of religious practice.
Those who did not regularly attend Mass were more likely to give a higher priority to the social aspect of the event, while those who were regulars at Mass indicated they were more interested in the spiritual activities.
The top three benefits hoped for by those surveyed prior to the event were: living what you believe (85 per cent); a closer relationship with God (81 per cent); and a stronger sense of Catholic identity (78 per cent).
There was very little variation by age: these were the top three priorities for pilgrims of all ages.
Turning to the post-event survey the study found that regarding the spiritual benefits most of the respondents said that what was most helpful was the experience of being with so many people who shared the same faith.
This sharing of the faith corresponded to what the majority of pilgrims had said before World Youth Day, and their hopes were fulfilled – they found the experience powerful and significant.
In the personal interviews pilgrims explained that it was very important to them to be part of a big crowd of people around their age who were expressing their faith. They said that in their experience, it was mostly older people who took faith seriously. Young people, by contrast, even if they were Catholic, were not interested in religion, or inclined to make fun of it.
They were also used to keeping their faith discreetly private. Normally only close friends would know if they continued to believe, attend Mass, or take part in other religious groups or activities.
In fact, a year 11 student in a Catholic school said in an interview that “it’s social suicide” to be active and speak out in religion classes.
Other benefits singled out by pilgrims included the sense of Church and pride in being a Catholic.
Many pilgrims also mentioned the sense that God was present in the large gathering of people, and the feeling that World Youth Day brought out the best in everyone.
Another highly-rated option was that of feeling themselves part of a community that transcended them in space and time and fused them into a unity with others and with God.
In terms of the events pilgrims singled out the Vigil, the Mass with Pope Benedict and the Stations of the Cross as occasions of strong experiences of the presence of God, and also as most spiritually helpful.
The morning catecheses also received a favourable response and according to the survey it seems that the catecheses played a more important role at the Sydney event than at previous World Youth Days.
Only a small proportion (10 per cent) of pilgrims rated the catecheses “not so helpful.”
The report commented that during the event in Sydney even casual observers were struck by the infectious joy, friendliness, and enthusiasm of the pilgrims.
But, it noted this positive atmosphere was founded on a deeper level of the experience of communing with others who shared the same faith, and the experience of the presence of God.
In conformity with the pre-event survey the social side of World Youth Day was not considered very important among those who replied to the post-event study.
Making new friends was often mentioned, but all of the social aspects, including the beauty of the sites and the good weather were rated well below the spiritual benefits.
The survey participants were also asked about what activities they felt would be most beneficial as a follow-up to World Youth Day. Over half of them chose first the option of retreats or camps for people who want to grow in faith.
There was also strong support for regularly getting together with their fellow pilgrims, for more youth-oriented Masses, and high-quality teaching of the Catholic faith.
Over half of the group was very keen to attend the 2011 World Youth Day in Madrid.
“There is clear evidence that many pilgrims have changed the ways in which they think about and respond to others, and that they attribute the changes to their participation in World Youth Day,” the study concluded.
This is a finding that should lay to rest the doubts about the benefits of such an event, and spur efforts to give continuity at a local level so that young people will continue to be confirmed in their faith.